Ch. 2 Q 3,4
3. What are the requirements for learning a motor skill? What do each of these requirements mean for the teacher of motor skills?
There are 6 different requirements for learning a motor skill. First are the prerequisites, which involves easier related skills in which the student already had mastered. If a student cant perform one skill, there’s no sense in moving on to a skill. Next the student needs to fully understand what they are trying to do. Also knowledge of the skill and a good demonstration will make it easy for the student. Next is a motivation disposition to the skill. Try and keep the students motivated and moving. Try to change up your lessons so they don’t get bored with the same routine. Practice is very important for developing and strengthens student’s motor skills. Repetition in different environments is key. Feedback is important for the students because it allows them to have an idea of how they are doing. If a student is performing well they need to hear that.
4. What is the difference between the way closed skills, open skills, discrete skills, and serial skills should be taught?
Open skills are skills performed with changing factors within the environment. For example in lacrosse, the number of defenders, or offenders, the distances from the passes and shots. The closed skills are like a free throw in basketball because most of the ideas and surrounding are the same in the environment. The teacher usually will not teach a open skill with constancy and not teach closed skills with variability. Adding factors as you go on with the lesson will help the students gradually get comfortable to full speed.
Discrete skills are performed once with a beginning and an end, like a free throw. Serial skills are a series of skills put together like fielding a ground ball in baseball. When teaching a discrete skill as a teacher you want to focus on the beginning and the end of the skill. When teaching a serial skill you will need to break down the skills in prgressions.